Hedges, flowering strips and different seminatural habitats present meals and nesting locations for bugs and birds in agricultural landscapes. This additionally has benefits for agriculture: bees, flies, beetles and different animal teams pollinate crops and management pest bugs in adjoining fields.
This query has been addressed by a brand new examine from the Chair of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology on the Biocenter of Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) in Bavaria, Germany. The outcomes are revealed within the journal Ecology Letters.
In keeping with the research, biodiversity, pollination, and pest management might be improved in landscapes even with a comparatively small quantity of non-crop habitat. To succeed in this impact, these habitats have to be organized to create a small-scale agricultural panorama.
For this research, Dr. Emily A. Martin’s group took a better have a look at information from ten European international locations and 1,515 different agricultural landscapes. This confirmed that small-scale land use is advantageous: it results in a higher density of helpful bugs and spiders. And it will increase the companies offered by ecosystems for agriculture — pollination and pure pest management.
“To scale back pests and promote biodiversity, raising the density of seminatural habitat parts might be a great resolution for farms. You do not have to take away a lot land from cultivation to achieve a major impact,” says Dr. Martin.
“The implementation of those findings could be a vital step ahead within the effort to attain sustainable and biodiversity-pleasant agriculture,” Professor Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, head of the Chair of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology and co-writer of the research, emphasizes.
The JMU analysis group is now specializing in intensified cooperation with agricultural and environmental stakeholders. The scientists need to assist implement a panorama administration system that advantages everybody — nature and humankind.